Date of Award

Spring 3-13-2024

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Organizational Leadership

First Advisor

Philip Pendley

Second Advisor

Martinrex Kedziora

Third Advisor

Melissa Bazanos


Purpose: The purpose of this Delphi study was to identify the essential elements needed to implement the International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (IB PYP) standards and practices from the perspective of elementary school principals who have successfully implemented the programme.

Methodology: This research study examined the essential elements needed for elementary schools as they transition to an IB PYP. This study illustrated the framework for the implementation of the study. Additionally, a description of the population, target population, and the sample used for the study was explored. The instrumentation, data collection procedures, and description of data analysis were then explained. Finally, the limitations of the study and a summary were provided. Findings: The expert panel members identified five elements as essential for the successful implementation of the IB PYP which include: (a) The school fosters the social, emotional, and physical well-being of its students and teachers; (b) The school creates and adheres to a clear and shared mission and vision that reflects the IB philosophy; (c) The school leadership provides time, flexibility, and other resources for teachers to collaborate effectively in the implementation of the IB Programme; (d) The school plans and implements a coherent curriculum that organizes learning and teaching within and across the years of its IB Programme; (e) The school funds and allocates resources and collaboration time that sustain and further develop its IB Programme.

Conclusion: To successfully implement the IB PYP, districts must fully invest in the program to carry out the requirements. First, districts must employ a strong leader who understands the IB philosophy and the standards and practices while emphasizing the development of the whole child and developing a clear vision that has the support of all relevant stakeholders. Funds must be allocated to show support for the program. A collective efficacy must be present to implement the best practices successfully. Recommendations: Based on the findings from this study, five recommendations were made for further research to advance the understanding of how to best address the crisis of meeting the needs of each student.