Date of Award

Spring 4-10-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Organizational Leadership

First Advisor

Carol Anderson-Woo, EdD

Second Advisor

Cindy Petersen, EdD

Third Advisor

Alan Enomoto, EdD


Purpose: The purpose of this Delphi study was to identify and describe the educational changes for high schools in California that are possible and probable by 2035 as perceived by a panel of experts. In addition, the purpose was to determine the level of desirability of educational changes identified as probable by a panel of experts. Finally, the purpose was to describe the actions necessary to promote the desirable educational changes by 2035 as perceived by the expert panel.

Methodology: The Delphi method was used as a mixed methods approach to build consensus among experts. Fifteen experts from diverse secondary education disciplines were purposively chosen based on specific criteria. Educational changes meeting an 85% consensus threshold were investigated further to determine actions needed for probable and desirable changes to occur by 2035.

Findings: This study identified three major findings related to actions necessary to promote these changes as discusses in the conclusions.

Conclusions: This study’s conclusions were based on what the panel members identified as the actions necessary to promote probable and desirable changes. First, school districts need to establish partnerships to ensure a focus on learning for both students and staff, and second, school districts need to consistently implement strategic planning and continual monitoring of learning.

Recommendations: Implications for action were developed to support the recommended changes based on the data findings, conclusions, expert panel members’ ideas, and new learning from this study.