Date of Award
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Dr. Keith Larick
Dr. Cindy Petersen
Dr. Tammie Castillo Shiffer
Purpose: The purpose of this sequential explanatory mixed methods study was to identify and describe the leadership strategies that Latina superintendents in California use to create an organizational culture of inclusiveness using Kennedy’s (2008) 5 leadership qualities of cultural differences.
Methodology: This sequential explanatory mixed methods study analyzed quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews to identify and describe strategies found when analyzing the data. This study summarized the findings that emerged to identify and describe strategies that create an organizational culture of inclusiveness.
Findings: Examination of mixed methods data from the 15 Latina superintendents in California participating in this study indicated that 14 major findings and 3 unexpected findings were substantiated by coded theme frequency.
Conclusions: The study supported 8 conclusions that affirmed the criticality to understand what strategies exemplary female Latina school superintendents use to create organizational cultures of inclusiveness: (a) take explicit personal responsibility for cultural inclusiveness (b) remove gatekeeper barriers, (c) dismantle the status quo, (d) take conscious ownership of their personal behavior, (e) be explicit in aligning personal and organizational values and beliefs, (f) provide multiple platforms for input and feedback from diverse stakeholders, (g) develop a shared vision and value of equity with stakeholders, and (h) use bilingual code switching to build authentic rapport
Recommendations: Further research is recommended to replicate study conducted with a different group of exemplary superintendents Black/African American women; a meta-analysis of the thematic teams’ 10 studies of cultural inclusive leadership be conducted to identify the most important strategies across different groups of leaders; a meta-analysis of the thematic teams’ 3 studies of exemplary superintendent to identify and describe the most essential strategies across the California public school district leaders in time of COVID-19; and replication of study with exemplary, first generation, multilingual women of color in superintendent roles nationally.
Martín Pérez, Martha, "Leadership Strategies That Exemplary K-12 Latina Superintendents in California Use to Create an Organizational Culture of Inclusiveness Using Kennedy’s Five Leadership Qualities of Cultural Differences" (2021). Dissertations. 387.